Learn Japanese – get in on the volitional verb action!

Learn Japanese fast! Welcome back to your Japanese articles! Here you will find out how to say “Welcome back” and “I’m home” in formal and informal Japanese. Plus, you’ll discover how to effectively use one of the most important forms of Japanese words, both formally and informally. In this Japanese for Beginners article, master the volitional form of Japanese verbs. Some of the words you will learn are “swim”, “study” and “meet”. You’ll enjoy the many charts that demonstrate the informal and formal volitional forms of all types of verbs. And, the example sentences are sure to become a part of your Japanese vocabulary. It’s all here!

Vocabulary: In this article, you will learn the following words and phrases:

tadaima – “Right now, I’m home”

O-kaerinasai. – “Welcome home”

Senpai – “greater, higher”

mainichi – “every day”

sabishi Prayed samishii – “lonely, lonely” (adjective final -i)

taihan – “hard hard”

futsuu – “ordinary, usual”

tanjoobi – “birthday”

Shiru – “know, understand” (verb class 1)

dakar – “so, therefore”

deeto – “date” (romantic)

mine of – “With everyone”

tanjoo-kai – “Birthday Party”

jooshi – “chief, superior”

Grammar: In this article, you will learn the following words and phrases:

Vocabulary and useful phrases

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“I’m home.

informal: Tadaima

Formal: Tadaima kaerimashita.

Welcome back.”

informal: O-kaeri.

Formal: O-kaerinasai.

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For more information on these phrases:


SEE Rookie series Nihongo Doojoo Style you and beyond Article 16

SEE Beginner Series Season 4 Article 2

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shit imsu

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There are some verbs that we usually use in the [ te-form of a verb ] + [ iru / imasu ] building. Shiru (“to know”) is one of them. However, in the negative form, we use Shiranai Prayed ShirimasenNO inai shit Prayed shit picture.


formal speech

  1. Formal: anus hito o shitte imasu ka. informal: anus milestone, shitteiru? Translation: “Do you know that person?”
  2. Formal: That is, shirimasen. informal: iya, shiranai. Translation: “Nope.”

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mine of

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this particle of indicates the condition of the agent of the action.


  1. Watashi wa hitori from afurika ni itta. “I went to Africa alone.”
  2. Yamakawa-san wa kazoku minna from ryokoo or shita. “Mr. (or Mrs.) Yamakawa went on a trip with his whole family.”

target grammar


In this article, we are going to learn how to form informal volitional forms of a verb.

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“Let’s go!

informal: ikoo.

Formal: ikimashoo.

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Volitional Form

  • Formal volitional form of a verb [ masu stem of a verb ] + mashoo

For more information:

WATCH Rookie Series Nihongo Doojoo Style You and Beyond Item 12

SEE Series for beginners season 4 Article 7

  • Informal volitional form of a verb

Class 1 verbs

(1) Drop the final -your

(2) Addoh

“English” /dictionary form /Volitional Form

“to buy” / whata / whatoh

“to carry out” /mea / meoh

“speak” /hanasa / hanasoh

“expect” /mastsa / mastoh

“To die” /shina / shinoh

“play” /asoba / asoboh

“to ride” /neithera / neitheroh


Class 2 verbs

(1) Drop the final -ru

(2) Add –I or

“English” /dictionary form / Volitional Form

“to eat” /tableyour / tableI or

“to see” /mediumyour / mediumI or


Class 3 verbs

“English” /dictionary form / Volitional Form

“to do” /Of course / shyoh

“to come” /kuru / koyoo

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Practice 1

Fill in the blanks to complete the chart.

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“English” / Dictionary form / Informal volitional / Formal volitional

“meet up” /a /___/ aimashoh

“listen” /kiku /kikoh / ___

“to swim” /oyogu /___/ oyogimashoh

“to drink” /___ / ___ / surnameoh

“cut” (class1) /Kiru / ___ / ___

“sleep” (class2) /neru / ___ / ___

“carry” (class 2) /Kiru / ___ / ___

“study” (class 3) /suru benkyoo / ___ / ___

“bring” (class 3) /motte kuru / ___ / ___

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practice 2

Rewrite the following sentences in informal Japanese.

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  1. Terebi or mimashoo. ______________________________________________________________________
  2. Kekkon or shimashoo. ______________________________________________________________________
  3. O-cha or nomimashoh. ______________________________________________________________________
  4. Japanesepod101.com[Japanesepod101com[Japanesepod101com[Japon├ęspod101com[Japanesepod101comoh kikimashu. ______________________________________________________________________
  5. Nihon-go or benkyoo shimashoo. ______________________________________________________________________

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